USLA's Top Ten (Safety) Tips
- Learn to Swim.
- Swim Near a Lifeguard.
- Swim with a Buddy.
- Check with the Lifeguards.
- Use Sunscreen and Drink Water.
- Obey Posted Signs and Flags.
- Keep the Beach and Water Clean.
- Learn Rip Current Safety.
- Enter Water Feet First.
- Wear a Life Jacket.
Training Guide For USLA Safety Tips
General Information on Drowning
Drowning is the third leading cause of accidental death in the United States and the second leading cause of accidental death for persons aged 5 to 44. For children in the one to two year age range, drowning is the leading cause of injury death. In some states, like California, Florida, and Hawaii, drowning is the leading cause of injury death for persons under 15 years of age.
Death by drowning is only the tip of the iceberg for aquatic injury. It has been found that for every ten children who die by drowning, 140 are treated in emergency rooms, and 36 are admitted for further treatment in hospitals. Some of these never fully recover.
Males drown at a significantly higher rate than females (about 5 to 1). For boat related drownings, the ratio escalates to about 14 to 1.
Guide to Safety Tips
- Learn To Swim: Learning to swim is the best defense against drowning. Teach children to swim at an early age. Children who are not taught when they are very young tend to avoid swim instruction as they age, probably due to embarrassment. Swimming instruction is a crucial step to protecting children from injury or death.
- Swim Near a Lifeguard: USLA statistics over a ten year period show that the chance of drowning at a beach without lifeguard protection is almost five times as great as drowning at a beach with lifeguards. USLA has calculated the chance that a person will drown while attending a beach protected by USLA affiliated lifeguards at 1 in 18 million (.0000055%).
- Swim with a Buddy: Many drownings involve single swimmers. When you swim with a buddy, if one of you has a problem, the other may be able to help, including signaling for assistance from others. At least have someone onshore watching you.
- Check with the Lifeguards: Lifeguards
work continually to identify hazards that might affect you. They can
advise you on the safest place to swim, as well as places to avoid. They
want you to have a safe day. Talk to them when you first arrive at the
beach and ask them for their advice.
- Use Sunscreen and Drink Water: Everyone
loves a sunny day, but exposure to the sun affects your body. Without
sunscreen, you can be seriously burned. The sun’s rays can also cause
life-long skin damage and skin cancer. To protect yourself always choose
"broad spectrum” sunscreen rated from 15 to 50 SPF, or clothing that
covers your skin, and reapply sunscreen regularly throughout the day.
The sun can also dehydrate you quickly. Drink lots of water and avoid
alcohol, which contributes to dehydration. Lifeguards treat people for
heat exhaustion and heat stroke from time to time. If you feel ill, be
sure to contact a lifeguard.
- Obey Posted Signs and Flags: It
sometimes seems as though there are too many signs, but the ones at the
beach are intended to help keep you safe and inform you about local
regulations. Read the signs when you first arrive and please follow
their direction. Flags may be flown by lifeguards to advise of hazards
and regulations that change from time to time. You can usually find
informational signs explaining the meaning of the flags, or just ask the
- Keep the Beach and Water Clean: Nobody
likes to see the beach or water littered with trash. Even in places
where beach cleaning services pick up trash daily, it may linger on the
beach for hours, causing an unsightly mess and threatening the health of
birds and animals. Do your part. Pick up after yourself and even
others. Everyone will appreciate you for it.
- Learn Rip Current Safety: USLA has found that some 80% of rescues by USLA affiliated lifeguards at ocean beaches are caused by rip currents. These currents are formed by surf and gravity, because once surf pushes water up the slope of the beach, gravity pulls it back. This can create concentrated rivers of water moving offshore. Some people mistakenly call this an undertow, but there is no undercurrent, just an offshore current. If you are caught in a rip current, don't fight it by trying to swim directly to shore. Instead, swim parallel to shore until you feel the current relax, then swim to shore. Most rip currents are narrow and a short swim parallel to shore will bring you to safety.
- Enter Water Feet First: Serious, lifelong injuries, including paraplegia, occur every year due to diving headfirst into unknown water and striking the bottom. Bodysurfing can result in a serious neck injury when the swimmer's neck strikes the bottom. Check for depth and obstructions before diving, then go in feet first the first time; and use caution while bodysurfing, always extending a hand ahead of you.
- Wear a Life Jacket: Some 80% of fatalities associated with boating accidents are from drowning. Most involve people who never expected to end up in the water, but fell overboard or ended up in the water when the boat sank. Children are particularly susceptible to this problem and in many states, children are required to be in life jackets whenever they are aboard boats.